The Japan Neuroscience Society (JNS) is an academic organization of scientists who study the brain and nervous system and wish to publish their findings in order to promote the welfare and culture of humans. The Society holds annual scientific meetings to provide a forum in which society members can present their findings, exchange information and establish new collaborations. The Society also publishes an international academic journal, Neuroscience Research, to report their findings to neuroscientists worldwide.
The Society was founded by about 70 members in October 1974 with the aim promoting neuroscience research internationally as a member of the International Brain Research Organization (IBRO) as well as developing neuroscience research in Japan. In 1978, the Society held the first annual meeting; thereafter the annual meeting has grown to be a main scientific meeting in which most neuroscientists in Japan report their new findings and exchange information about their research. Since then, the Society has grown year by year. In 1991, the members of the Society reached about 1500 when the bylaws of the Society were modified so as to make it more open to young neuroscientists, scientists in related research fields and the public. Thereafter, the Society has further grown to more than 5000 members in June 2008. Consequently the Japan Neuroscience Society is now one of the representative academic societies in Japan, and the great majority of neuroscientists in Japan participate in activities of the Society.
The distinguishing features of neuroscience are that it covers an extremely broad range of research fields from molecular biology, cell biology, biophysics, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry and pharmacology to psychology, behavioral science, technology, mathematics and clinical medicine, and that it requires an integration of such various fields and a close collaboration of neuroscientists in those fields. From this point of view, the Society attempts to make it an open forum where various researchers and students who aim to study neuroscience can interact with each other.