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The molecular/cellular mechanisms and the roles of REM sleep in brain functions


開催日 2019/7/25
時間 9:00 - 11:00
会場 Room 1(4F International Conference Room)
Chairperson 上田 泰己 / Hiroki Ueda ( 東京大学/理化学研究所 / University of Tokyo/RIKEN )
林 悠 / Yu Hayashi ( 筑波大学 / University of Tsukuba )
  • 1S01m-5   

Reactivation of memory engram during REM/nonREM sleep

  • 井ノ口 馨 / Kaoru Inokuchi:1 
  • 1:Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Japan / Univ. of Toyama, Toyama, Japan 

The brain is capable of storing and recalling memories through a set of cells, termed engram cells, which are activated during experience. Activity in these cells corresponds to a specific event, ensuring recovery of that particular experience. However, it is unclear how these cells are organized to form the engram, mainly because of technical limitations that have made it difficult to identify both engram and non-engram cells during in vivo recording/imaging. Here, we show that contextual memory in the hippocampus is represented as distinct subsets of synchronous activity (defined by Ca2+ transients) that comprise several ensembles of engram cells. In contrast to non-engram cells, these ensembles maintain their activity not only during learning but also during post-learning sleep and retrieval sessions. We developed an imaging system with a miniature head-mounted fluorescent microscope with which we identified engram cells using the photoconvertible fluorescent protein Kikume Green Red (KikGR) and the c-fos-tet-tag system. We observed neuronal activity in the CA1 hippocampal area via Ca2+ influx and G-CaMP7. Engram cells exhibited repetitive activity, characterized by remarkable synchrony, upon exposure to a novel context. Population vector distance (PVD) analysis revealed that the activity pattern of engram cells was stable not only during learning but also across sleep and retrieval sessions. Furthermore, non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) analysis detected several engram-cell ensembles comprising collectively active neurons whose activities were repeated during encoding, sleep (NREM and REM), and re-exposure sessions; however, they were weaker in a different context. Replayed ensembles were more likely to be reactivated during the re-exposure session. By contrast, these features were not seen in non-engram cells. These results suggest that subgroups of ensembles represent distinct pieces of information, which are then orchestrated to form the entire contextual memory.


研究助成:Research funds : KAKENHI JP23220009, JP25115002, JP18H05213; JST CREST JPMJCR13W1,

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