Guidelines for ethics-related problems with “non-invasive research on human brain function”

7. Protection of personal information of test subjects

In order to protect the personal information of test subjects, researchers and those involved in the research must abide by related laws and take necessary and appropriate measures to prevent the leaking, loss, and damage of personal information and to ensure its safety. Public presentations of research results must be made in a way so that test subjects cannot be identified (implementation of anonymity). Prior consent must be obtained from the test subject when it is difficult to make arrangements so that the test subject cannot be specified, or when there is a possibility that the test subject might be identified. The personal information obtained must not be used for purposes other than those specified in the informed consent, and its usage must not exceed the range necessary to fulfill those purposes. Changing the purpose or method of usage requires providing the test subjects with an additional explanation about the change of content, and obtaining additional consent. Personal information must not be obtained through deceit or other illicit means.